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2018年安徽教师招聘考试《小学英语》真题及答案

时间:
2021-08-26 16:39:42
作者:
陈老师
阅读:
来源:
安徽教师资格证考试
【导读】安徽教师资格网提醒您关注:2018年安徽教师招聘考试《小学英语》真题及答案 。以下是考试真题的详细内容,内容如下:
  一、单项选择题(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共计15分)从每题 所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1.Although the team lost the game, they played with tremendous(D);they won their fan’s respect.

  A. panic B. regret C. anger D. spirit

  2.Cathy(B)a few words of Italian when she was there last year.

  A. took on B. picked up C. gave away D. broke down

  3.My parents(D)at the airport because of the storm. Otherwise, they would have been here by lunch time.

  A. have delayed B. would delay

  C. were delayed D. had been delayed

  4.(A)Anderson was the best of the many talented writers of his generation seemed indisputable.

  A. That B. What C. Whether D. Where

  5.In your free time,(B) this incredible city and you will certainly have an unforgettable experience.

  A. exploring B. explore C. explored D. to explore

  6.Under the regulations, all the passengers(B)remain in their seats until the plane lands safety.

  A. may B. shall C. could D. would

  7.Emma lived with her grandparents (C)for 3 years in a small village,she went to school in New York.

  A. in which B. after that C. after which D. in that

  8.The novel(A)last month went straight to number one on the best seller list.

  A. published B. was published

  C. to be published D. being published

  9.1 live near my parents. ,(A)I can visit them as often as possible.

  A. Conveniently B. Eventually C. Thankfully D. Fortunately

  10.Mr. Black can never(D)the difference between the twins in his class.

  A. make B. develop C. keep D. tell

  11.-Do you know which is the quickest way to the museum from here?

  -. (D)Let’s ask the policeman over there.

  A.Forget it B. Go ahead

  C. It’s up to you D. It beats me

  12.Kevin’s teacher saw him as quiet and shy,(C)with his friends he was exactly the opposite.

  A.or B. for C. but D. so

  13.Not until we were shown around this ancient town(D)its beauty was really beyond description.

  A.we realized B. we did realize C. realized we D. did we realize

  14.The method of forming new words like motel, smog or newscart, is called(B)

  A.derivation B. blending

  C. conversion D. abbreviation

  15.The novel, Tess of the D ’Urbervilles, was written by(A),one of the greatest of Victorian novelists.

  Thomas Hardy B. George Eliot C. Emily Bronte D. Oscar Wilde

  II.完形填空(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共计15分)阅读下面 短文,从短文后每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  We all have times when someone does something to support you. You are grateful for their (16 )gesture. And then you move on.

  A couple of days ago I was up on a stage, connecting a laptop I’m typing on to a (17) at the conference. It was the first time I was going to (18) a session at the Association of Fundraising Professionals(AFP) international conference. So, needless to say, I felt very (19)Some

  sweaty palms. You get it.

  For some reason, my laptop and the projector were having troubles (20). The image on the huge screen would flicker on and off and on and

  off. After a few minutes the image( 21 )completely. This went on for about 15 minutes. Watching from her seat was a young woman who had arrived nearly forty-five minutes before the session was to start. She quietly and( 22 )said, “Lori, would you like to use my laptop?” I looked up at this woman and(23) came to my eyes. I didn’t know her. But she(24) offered to give up her note-taking tool.

  After switching on the computer and making sure things worked, I was (25) to give my speech to a room of more than 300 people.

  The woman’s action (26) more than 300 people in that room who serve thousands in their communities. The people at the session got to learn how to share their people and money stories so they can (27) more money for their amazing nonprofits. Yes, the content was mine; (28), the ability to deliver it was made( 29 )by a small act of kindness from someone I’d never met before.

  I am grateful (30) words to the woman, who is changing the world. She has certainly changed mine.

  16.A. bold B. polite C. silent D. kind

  17.A. charger B. computer C. projector D. loudspeaker

  18.A. address B. schedule C. postpone D. cancel

  19.A.curious B.nervous C.excited D.embarrassed

  20.A. approving B. negotiating C. communicating D. comparing

  21.A. came B. disappeared C. rolled D. developed

  22.A. calmly B. proudly C. urgently D. hesitantly

  23.A. envy B. tears C. nerves D. admiration

  24.A. curiously B. gratefully C.reluctantly D. generously

  25.A. free B. afraid C. willing D. able

  26.A. upset B. impacted C. defended D. discovered

  27.A. raise B. afford C. lose D. waste

  28.A. instead B. otherwise C. therefore D. however

  29.A. possible B. flexible C. apparent D. reasonable

  30.A. in B. without C. beyond D. about

  参考答案:DCABC  BABDD BADAC

  III.阅读理解(本题共12小题,每小题2分,共24分)阅读下列短 文,掌握其大意,然后从每小题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Jaime Escalante was born on December 31,1930 in La Paz, Bolivia to 2 teachers. Following in his parents footsteps, Escalante became a teacher as well. In the 1960s, he left Bolivia to seek a better life in America.

  Determined to teach in America like he had back home, Escalante taught himself English and earned another college degree. In 1974, Escalante took a job teaching math at Garfield High School in East Los Angeles known for troubled students with horrible home lives. He strove to bring his kids to their full potential, working with them to help them understand mathematics. Soon, he started an advanced math program for many of his students. He worked them hard, teaching them Calculus and making them show up to school an hour early each day and stay late after school was over.

  Then, in 1982, his largest class of students took an advanced placement test in Calculus and eveiy single one of them passed. However, officials at the testing company suspected the students of cheating. Escalante was outraged. He said the students were being rejected because of their Hispanic (西班牙)names and poor backgrounds. This sparked an idea in Escalante. He was determined to keep his students’ confidence and self-esteem high,so he convinced them to retake the advanced placement test. This time, the test would be even harder, so Escalante made his students stay even later after school and forced them to practice their equations over and over again, encouraging them to study hard so they could prove to the world that they are capable of accomplishing.

  The students took the test and the scores arrived-every student passed with flying colors. This was the greatest event in the history of Garfield High School.

  31.What did Jaime Escalante do when he was 44 years old?(C)

  A.He left his hometown for America.

  B. He took a math course and got a degree.

  C. He began to teach at an American school.

  D. He became a teacher on his parents, advice.

  32.Why did Jaime Escalante get that angiy?(D)

  A.His students cheated in the test in Calculus.

  B. His students weren’t allowed to take the test.

  C. None of his students managed to pass the test.

  D. His students’ test results weren’t acknowledged.

  33.What dose the underlined word “with flying colors”in paragraph 4 mean?(B)

  A. Narrowly B. Successfully

  C. Enthusiastically D. Unsatisfactorily

  34.Which of the following best describes Jaime Escalante?(A)

  Strict and brilliant.

  Humorous and kind.

  Arrogant but strong-willed.

  Bad-tempered but devoted.

  B

  People often recommend planting trees to make cities greener, cleaner and healthier. But during heat waves, city trees can actually increase air pollution. Indeed, a new study finds, up to 60 percent of the smoggy ozone in a city’s air on hot days may trace to chemicals emitted by trees. Galina Churkina, who works at Humboldt University of Berlin, and her team confirmed it.

  The findings might seem the opposite of what you would expect, notes Robert Young, an expert in city planting at the University of Texas at Austin. Indeed, he notes, “everything has multiple effects.” The new findings do not mean cities should discourage tree planting, he says. Instead, cities may need stricter controls on other sources of pollution, such as tailpipe emissions from cars and trucks.

  City trees soak up carbon dioxide, and at the same time they release oxygen into the air. But oxygen is far from the only gas that trees and certain other green plants release into the air. One of these chemicals is a

  hydrocarbon known as isoprene (异戊二烯).It can react with combustion

  (氧化)pollutants, such as nitrogen oxides (氧化氮)emitted by cars and trucks in cities. The result is the formation of ozone. A component of smog, ozone can iiritate the lungs and aggravate airway diseases.

  Churkina says her team was not surprised to see the seemingly contrary relationship between plants and pollution. She adds that “its importance was,however, quite amazing.” The results, Churkina says, suggests that city tree plantings programs should not ignore the role this greenery may play in aggravating summer air pollution. Adding more trees will improve quality of life only if those cities also undertake plans to sharply cut vehicle pollution in summer and to increase their reliance on clean energy sources for electric power, she says.

  35.What does the new study find about city trees on hot day?(C)

  A.City trees can reduce the smoggy ozone.

  B.City trees may easily absorb heat waves.

  C.City trees may cause more air pollution.

  D.More city trees can make a city far better.

  36.What is the third paragraph mainly about?(B)

  A.The harm ozone does to people in cities.

  B.The way trees help the formation of ozone.

  C.The chemicals green plants release into the air.

  D.The benefits trees bring to the city environment.

  37.Which of the following is suggested by Churkina?(B)

  A.Planting more trees in cities.

  B.Advocating using clean energy.

  C.Improving people’s quality of life.

  D.Banning vehicle pollution in summer.

  38.What can be the best title for the test?(D)

  A.Ozone can affect people’s health.

  B.Going green benefits man and nature.

  C.Planting trees can control air pollution.

  D.Trees can make summer ozone level worse.

  C

  A 3-year-old who cries out,4 "Mommy! Look how big that man’s nose is!” will probably be ignored by his mother and the man. An adult who makes an equivalent statement, however, might find his own nose swollen and hurting within seconds. The difference is much more than a matter of social graces. We do not expect 3-year-olds to understand how the things they say affect other people’s emotions. They are not empathetic in the way adults are.

  To empathize (同情) with someone is to understand what he is feeling or, more properly, to understand what you would feel like if you were in his situation. Unlike intelligence and physical attractiveness, which depend largely on genetics, empathy is a skill that children learn. Its value is multifold. Children who are empathetic tend to do better in school,in social situations, and in their adult careers.

  Toddlers sometimes show behavior that is closer to true empathy in their first efforts to connect another person’s discomfort with their own. When a 2-year-old sees his mother crying, he may offer her a toy he’s been playing with or a cookie he’s been nibbling. He is giving his mother something that he knows has made him feel better when he has cried. It is unclear, however, whether the child understands what his mother is feeling, or is simply upset by the way she is acting, much in the way a puppy will come up and lick the face of someone who’s crying.

  By the time a child is about 4 years old, he begins to associate his emotions with the feelings of others. While one child says he has a stomachache, some 4-year-olds may come over and comfort him. By the time a child is 8, he can grapple with more complex moral decisions in which he must realize that someone else’s feelings may be different from his own.

  Although the best training for empathy begins in infancy, it's never too late to start. The best teachers of this skill are the children’s parents. The way you show your own empathy may be more important than anything you say.

  39.How is empathy different from intelligence?

  A.Empathy can be learned.

  B.Empathy is determined by birth.

  C.Empathy is of greater importance.

  D.Empathy has little effect on one’s life.

  40.What can be inferred from toddler’s behavior?

  A.Toddlers can show true empathy to others.

  B.Toddlers just do things like a puppy.

  C.Toddlers may not know true empathy.

  D.Toddlers can’t appreciate what they’re doing.

  41.What can we learn about the training for children’s empathy?

  A.Parents must master such skills first.

  B.Parents had better learn how to be good teachers.

  C.Parents have to stop teaching their children’s empathy.

  D.Parents should set an example for their children’s empathy.

  42.What is the text about?

  A.How children develop empathy.

  B.How empathy benefits children.

  C.Why empathy matters more than intelligence.

  D.Why it is important to train the empathy of children.

  IV•翻译(满分10分)

  43. In reading, it is useful to propose to ourselves definite ends and purposes. 44. The more distinctly we are aware of our own wants and desires in reading, the more definite and permanent our learning will be.Hence it is a good rule to ask ourselves frequently, “Why am I reading this book?’’or “Why am I reading it at the present time rather than at any other?”

  45.The answer may be that it is convenient; that the book happens to be at hand: or that we read to pass away the time. 46.Such reasons are often very good,but they ought not always to satisfy us. 47_Yet the very habit of asking ourselves these questions, however they may be answered.

  will help us read effectively.

  43.在阅读中,给自己设定明确的目的是有益的。

  44.当我们越清楚地了解自己在阅读中的需求和欲望,我们的学习就 会越明确、越持久

  45.答案也许是:比较省事,或者书恰好就在手边,又或者是用来打发 时间。

  46.这些理由都不错,但我们决不能仅止步于此。

  47.答案也许是;比较省事,或者书恰好就在手边,又或者是用来打发 时间。

  V•书面表达(满分20分)

  校园里,学生有时会因为一些小矛盾而产生不愉快。作为老师, 该如何去解决矛盾,引导学生和睦相处。请用英文写一篇短文,谈谈 你的看法。

  内容不少于150个单词,不得出现与本人相关的信息。

  略

  VI/教学设计(满分20分)

  请就下面所提供的教学材料,根据PPP(Presentation, Practice, Production)教学模式,用英语完成以下教学设计,设计意图可用中文表述。

  1.确立本节课的教学目标;

  2.设计一个Presentation环节的教学活动,并对设计意图加以说 明;

  3.设计两个Practice环节的教学活动,并对设计意图加以说明;

  4.设计一个Production环节的小组合作学习活动,并对设计意图 加以说明;

  5.设计板书

  VII.教学案例分析(满分16分)

  Let's talk

  下面是一篇小学四年级的教学材料及其教学片段,请用中文从教 学方法和活动设计两个方面进行简要评析。

  教学片段

  1. Join us (PPT 呈现 McDonald 的图片)

  T: Who is he?

  Ss: He is MacDonald.

  T: Yes. He has a new farm now. He is very busy. And he wants a helper.

  Do you want to have a try?

  Ss: Yes.

  T: OK. Let’s get on the bus and go to MacDonald’s farm.

  2.Listen and Guess (播放音频,通过听动物的声音,带领学生复习学 过的动物 pig, duck, dog, cat 等词汇,并用句型 What’s this/that? It’s a... 进行操练。)

  3.Ask and Answer (PPT分别呈现马、鸡、羊、牛的图片,问学生What’s this?引出horse, hen, sheep, cow并进行板书,然后利用一群马、鸡、 羊、牛的图片,引出名词的复数horses,hens, sheep, cows,并用句型 What are these/those? They are ...进行问答练习。)

  4. Look and Guess (PPT呈现不完整的动物图片,以猜谜语的形式引 导学生操练句型 What are these/those? They are horses/hens/sheep/cows/". What about those? Are they horses? How many horses do you have? ...)

  5. Ask and Answer (设置面试官提问环节,用本节课重点句型What are these/those? They are ...进行操练。)

  6.Count and Say (设置数动物环节,让书生在数动物的过程中记忆 所学单词的单复数变化)

  7.Draw and Share (分组活动,6人一组画一幅理想中的农场。先小 组内进行对话练习,教师给予指导。小组讨论结束后,把每组的图画 张贴在黑板上,让每一组学生上台向全班展示。)

  以上就是关于2018年安徽教师招聘考试《小学英语》真题及答案的全部内容,考生如果想获得更多关于教师资格证相关资讯,如教师资格证、考试时间、报考指南、面试时间以及相关知识,敬请关注我们安徽教师资格网

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